Pistachio is one of the most important agricultural export products in Iran, with more than 70% of it produced in Kerman province. Pistachio is grown in different parts of the province, but Rafsanjan, as the largest pistachio area in the world, is the main center of pistachio production in the province and has the highest volume of production. High quality and product variety are two of the main characteristics of Rafsanjan pistachio that have brought producers of this region to the world market.
In general, pistachios are divided into two types: elongated and round, known as Akbari, Uhadi, Kalleghuchi, Hazelnut, etc. The best pistachio cultivar to buy is a smiling, homogeneous, clean pistachio; The most important commercial pistachio varieties in Iran are:
This type of pistachio has the highest economic value. The fruit of this type of pistachio is almond-shaped and large. Growth of this type of pistachio is high and with large and dense leaves, high yield but late flowering and late harvest in the third decade of September. Akbari pistachios have a purple-brown overlay and dark creamy bony skin. Rafsanjan Pistachio is one of the most common pistachios in the world.
The Kalleghuchi pistachio fruit is hazelnut-shaped and coarse, with a reddish-brown nut, white-bony skin and a moderate degree of smiling. Rafsanjan Kalleghuchi pistachio tree is susceptible to nutrient deficiency including water and fertilizer. The leaves of this tree have five leaves, the terminal leaf being larger than the lateral leaves. This type of pistachio is more vulnerable to late spring cold and its damage. Pistachio nuts are harvested in the second decade of September.
This pistachio was first identified by Ahmad Agha and, although newly identified, is significantly expanding due to its large fruit, almond shape, red brain and bony skin. Ahmad Aghaei pistachio tree is mostly found in Zogh Rafsanjan and Sirjan. Most leaves of this tree have three leaves types and are medium flowering. Since its product can be harvested in the third decade, it is classified as a late type.
Ohadi commercial pistachio was identified by Oohadi in the village of Fatah Abad, Rafsanjan. This type of Rafsanjan pistachio has a spherical and hazelnut fruit, purple brow and bony cream. The pistachio tree with a height of three meters is often compatible with areas of Iran where pistachios are planted. The three leaflets are characteristic of its leaves, the terminal leaf being larger than the lateral leaves. This type of Rafsanjan pistachio is medium flowering, early and harvested in the first decade of September.
Ohadi Pistachio is a very popular and exported pistachio that makes up about 60 to 70 percent of Rafsanjan pistachio gardens. The Ohadi pistachio has a very high percentage of smiling pistachios. If you like smiling pistachios, buy this kind of Rafsanjan pistachio.