The quality and reputation of Iranian handmade fabrics varies depending on the city you visit. For example, the Kalamkari of Isfahan, which is produced with Geometric, roses flowers and plants shapes, is one of the most famous souvenirs in Iran, and has many fans among foreigners. Pateh fabrics are also souvenirs of Kerman city, decorative fabrics of wool, which are hand-woven and painted in natural colors. Termeh is also a traditional, handmade and silk fabric of Yazd city, which has a lot of reputation, and curved shapes such as Paisley and flowers of Shah-abbasi are used in different colors in Termeh.
Iran handmade fabrics
One of the handicrafts that Kerman women artists have been producing for many years now is stitching pateh, Pate is a well-known type of Iranian needleworks with a worldwide reputation. The patta has a thick cloth that is sewn on with the color and glaze of a beautiful bush, cedar, bergamot and other motifs. In the Kerman Bazaar, Pateh are sold in the form of boards, bedspreads, cushions, blankets, desktops, pillows or even clothes.
The embroidery and needlework in Iran have a strong history and in each period, a special beauty can be found in this art.
Rudouzi is the art of hand-sewing to create beautiful designs on simple fabrics, during which rural girls and women create original and traditional patterns and designs on fabric using needles, hooks and colored threads. To do this, they usually used special needles called "Between" and "beading needles". This art is also known as needlework and its lines are displayed on non-patterned simple fabrics. The artistic combination of plain fabric with yarn and other decorative items gives life to the embroidery industry. In Tehran, you can also buy fabrics that are decorated with this art. Rudouzi has a historical background in Tehran, but very few artifacts can be found in Tehran these days.
Batik printing is a type of fabrics printing specially silk by applying patterns on them by specific methods that is more common in the cities of Tabriz, Osku (in East Azerbaijan Province) and Tehran. It has been popular in Eastern Azerbaijan for a long time.
Batik printing means resistant printing, or in other words, covering parts of the fabric's surface, with a resistant material that prevents the dye from penetrating into the fabric and in this way, patterns are formed on the fabric. In this printing method, very beautiful and artistic designs are printed on fabric using molds. Also, fabric printing (Batik printing) is used in printing on various surfaces such as: wooden, gypsum, metal and glass surfaces. To do this, they use natural colors such as turmeric, pomegranate, reseda. However, considering the situation of Tehran's handicrafts, there is a low possibility to find this souvenir in Tehran.
The most popular and common handicraft in the rural area of Tehran province is Chadorshab weaving in different sizes and for different uses, which is currently done professionally at home in the villages such as Kohan (from Damavand city) and Gilan province.
"Chadorshab" is a kind of colorful thick fabric and Chadorshab weaving is an original and traditional industry that has a very long history. It is named due to the fact that it used to be used as a cover at night in the past. "Shab" in Persian means night.
Those involved are mainly housewives and girls who use simple wooden machines and produce very exquisite and delicate products that have striped and twisted designs in yellow, red, green, purple, orange, brown, indigo and other colors.